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Indefinite pronouns can be made possessive with the use of ‘s. Indefinite pronouns are words like someone, other, and any.

It’s always good to know one’s enemy.   one’s

Is this anyone’s backpack lying here on the ground?  anyone’s

That’s not Helen’s handwriting; it must be someone else’s. else’s

Try putting yourself in another’s shoes.   another’s


Possessive pronouns do not need apostrophe.

Who’s book is that? = Whose book is that?

That book is his’. = That book is his.

No, it’s mine’s! = No, it’s mine!

The cat washed it’s face. = The cat washed its face.



Ramantic quotes and English Grammar!


one another, but make not a bond of ; Let it rather be a sea between the shores of your souls”

Use of semicolon

use of rather.  Let it ……be a sea

metaphoric use of shores and sea…beautiful 🙂

I would have written,” Love one another, but do not make a bond of Love.”
I have found the paradox, that if you love until it hurts, there can be no
more hurt, only more love. ~ Mother

“Use of paradox ”

Let us always meet each other with smile, for the smile is the beginning of
love. ~ Mother


We can replace for with because..

“Let us always meet each other with smile, because smile is the begining of love.

Gravitation is not responsible for people falling in love. ~ Albert

haha..ya it is Einstein quote..Science at heart of romance!!!

Before I met my husband, I’d never fallen in love. I’d stepped in it a few
times. ~ Rita


Haha, this quote perfect match to Indian wife..specially arranged marriage!! Tense wise, The sentence begun with before is  simple past tense, while independent clause has perfect past tense.







Epidemiology of Acute Otitis media in children!!

1.Acute Otitis Media present between the ages of  3 months and 3 years. ( When I wrote this sentence first, I missed”the” before ages. and I used singular form of age).

2. During the last 3 decades, the incidence of AOM has increased in the United States, possibly as the result of the increased use of day care. (leibovitz et al 2004).

( When I wrote first, I missed “the” before last, incidence and result, while I used unnecessary “the’ before use.I used adverb”probably” instead of possibly.Can I use perhaps?) And I guess if I use perhaps, there won’t need of “the”before result.


grammatical analysis! “definitive radiotherapy …” (khan et al,2012)

1) Several institutions have reported long term outcomes of patients with T1-2N0 SCC of the glottis treated with definitive radiotherapy.


Prepostions of and with.

With: use : 1) accopanying 2) by means of

Several ..uncountable

Our institution has reported…

I would have written…Many institutions have reported long term outcomes of pts with T1 SCC of glottis treated by definitive raduiotherapy. I mgiht have doen mistake with use of ‘with’ or ‘by’.

Little more than that several would be enormous…

2) The five-year local control (LC) rates have ranged from 82-94% for T1a, 80-93% for T1b, 62-94% for T2a, and 23-73% for T2b. We report our first 20 year institutional outcome, and identify patient, tumor, and treatment related factors associated with inferior outcomes.

Prepsent perfect to simple present.

3)Patients were excluded if they previously had major surgery of the neck or the glottis, had a synchronous primary, or had received chemotherapy.

Subordiante clause begin with “if”.

If as conditional subordinate conjunction.

Position of adverb “previously”.

were……if… past

Exclusion criteria: 1) If pt had any major surgery in past

2) if patients is with other primary condition

3) If patient had received crt in past.

For example, if ca larynx patients was with HIV, was he excluded from the study???

4) Minor surgery (stripping for squamous cell carcinoma in-situ (SCIS) or minor cordotomy) was allowed.

The bracket content I would say is adjective.Simple past.

5)The AJCC 6th edition was used to stage all patients, but with further sub-classification of T2 patients.

In other words..

The AJCC 6th edition was used to stage all patients; however, T2 patients were further classified.

Despite use of the AJCC 6th editioin in staging patients, T2 patients were further classfied.

use of article “the”

The APHA new edition, The New England Jounral of Medicine , The AJMA 6th eiditon.

Preposition “with” ..by means of . Prepostion “of”

Use of passive voice in first main clause.

6) Patients were staged as follows: T1 included tumor confined to a single vocal cord (T1a) or both vocal cords (T1b) with normal vocal cord mobility; T2 included tumor with supra- or subglottic extension and further subdivided into T2a (without) or T2b (with) impaired vocal cord mobility.(Khan, Koyfman et al. 2012)

How were patients staged? Patients were staged in accordance with the AJCC 6th edition guidelines.



Khan, M. K., et al. (2012). “Definitive radiotherapy for early (T1-T2) Glottic Squamous cell carcinoma: a 20 year Cleveland clinic experience.” Radiat Oncol 7: 193.

PURPOSE: To report our 20 yr experience of definitive radiotherapy for early glottic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Radiation records of 141 patients were retrospectively evaluated for patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics. Cox proportional hazard models were used to perform univariate (UVA) and multivariate analyses (MVA). Cause specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were plotted using cumulative incidence and Kaplan-Meir curves, respectively. RESULTS: Of the 91% patients that presented with impaired voice, 73% noted significant improvement. Chronic laryngeal edema and dysphagia were noted in 18% and 7%, respectively. The five year LC was 94% (T1a), 83% (T1b), 87% (T2a), 65% (T2b); the ten year LC was 89% (T1a), 83% (T1b), 87% (T2a), and 53% (T2b). The cumulative incidence of death due to larynx cancer at 10 yrs was 5.5%, respectively. On MVA, T-stage, heavy alcohol consumption during treatment, and used of weighted fields were predictive for poor outcome (p < 0.05). The five year CSS and OS was 95.9% and 76.8%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Definitive radiotherapy provides excellent LC and CSS for early glottis carcinoma, with excellent voice preservation and minimal long term toxicity. Alternative management strategies should be pursued for T2b glottis carcinomas.











in a similar fashion

I am just reading the article on quality of life in cancer patients, and came across ” in a similar fashion”. This article which I am reading is Brazillian Author. I am wondering our American auhors do not make use of these phrase so often.

“attribute to”

I attribute my extensive interest in research to her gracious advice and  precious guidance.

Government attrbitute the success of program to ….

How much alcohol problems would you attribute to bad advertisement?

How much crime would you attribute to alcohol?

How much divorce rate would you attribute to  bankrupcy of any of partners?

One should attribute the shift in perception towards the same sex marriages to the constructive role played by media.

Continously increasing number of  individuals living with cancer should be attributed to the recent advances in mode of treatment.

Her break up with partner is largely attributed to her partner’s rough and disrespectful behaviour.

The most significant change attributed to Obama’s health policy  was increased access to healthcare.

Students attribute their bad performance in the course to unclear instructions by the instructor.

the sentence starting with gerund…

1)Attaining the goal of universal access….will ….to…

2) Finding concerete solution to this quite old problem ….will…. to

3) Seeing each other often….will…. to…

4) Reading English is easier than speaking it.

5)Eating ice cream on a  moving boat…wow…

6) Having good friends is blessing.

7)Rising cost has created anger in public towards  economic system. \

8) Continously rising number of cancer patients have  increased the work of  alreaday exhausted oncology nurses.



“would” as auxiliary

1)Polite request and suggestion..


Would you please give me some advice.

Perhaps it would be helpful for you.


2) reporting future in the past..

She asked if they would help her the next week.

She asked if they would help her moving apartment.

3)  Would can be used in wishes pertaining to the future.

It would have saved time if i had known the procedure well.


Simpe conjugation with auxiliary is often used in polite reuests.




It will work…will it not work?..wont it work?


They will vote for change. Will they not vote for change?  Wont they vote for change?


We will love each other….will we not love each other? Won’t we love each other?


I will work hard..means I am determined to work hard.

They shall work hard. Means they are determined to work hard.


Evolution::: these type of use of will shall is becoming old fashioned in English now.


Bu next December, I all have been living here for three years.


If verb in the main clause in the future tense, then the tense in the subordinate clause would be in present tense.

I will hug you when we meet.


Practicing past perfect continuous test

As a result of uncleared instructions, I had been lagging behind the class.

I had been swimming in the confused data.

I had been doing literature search much before he asked us to do.

I had been working on research ideas much before semester started.

Since I had difficulty in following instructor’s little confused instructions in 2011, I had been regretting my decision of choosing the college  all semester when we were assigned the same instructor for the  important course.

Had it not been snowing that day?



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